Tuesday, June 28, 2011

Peter Buggenhout @ De Pont, Tilburg 28/05-18/09/2011

Peter Buggenhout
part of Lustwarande '11 - Raw
28 May -18 September 2011

Just as in 2004 and 2008, De Pont is holding a presentation within the context of Lustwarande '11. This international sculpture exhibition will take place for the fourth time this summer in Tilburg's park De Oude Warande. Its overall theme this year is the concept 'Raw'.

The sculptures of Peter Buggenhout (Dendermonde, 1963) are certainly raw and unpolished. At the same time they have a vulnerable and transitory appearance. The works have been made with 'vile' materials, things that no have a function or meaning and which people prefer to be rid of: construction material, packaging material, discarded molds, sheets of plastic, frayed cloth but also horsehair, blood, cow stomachs and household dust.

In the brick corridor at De Pont, a few of Buggenhout's sculptures have been placed on glass tables that have rigid metal supports. The intensity of the works contrasts with the coolness of the presentation. On display in the main exhibition space is an awe-inspiring constellation of shredded and now unrecognizable materials, hidden beneath a thick layer of household dust. Taking a distance from this is impossible. The installation unfolds in many perspectives and details, but a grasp of the form eludes us.
Buggenhout refers to these 'dust sculptures' as The Blind Leading the Blind. The title comes from a famous painting by Pieter Brueghel, depicting a group of blind men trying to follow each other, without knowing where they are or intend to go.
"The unpredictability of reality is my main fascination," Buggenhout says. That intangible factor strikes him not only where dramatic events such as natural disasters or wars are concerned; also in everyday life, reality follows its incomprehensible course, despite the illusion that we have our existence under control. In the run-down harbor district where Buggenhout lives, the mere decline and occasionally surrealistic-looking solutions meant to counter it provide visible evidence of that.
Rather than deliberate and planned interventions, it is the dynamics of growth and decay, of construction and destruction that gives reality its ever-unfinished and inexplicable form. Buggenhout has made that factor the formative principle of his art. His sculptures look as though they have not been made, but have taken shape under the influence of conflicting forces. He himself compares this generative process in his sculptures to the way in which a fungus spreads, taking possession of it's surroundings and eating into this as it continues to spread.
The artwork is finished when the various materials have found a tight balance with each other.
Aside from the form, the nature of the surface also contributes significantly to the specific character of his sculptures. In the 'dust sculptures' forms are covered with a thick layer of dust. Light skims across the soft matte texture and reveals the undulations of an uneven surface. Oddly enough, the weave of grey fluff and threads, places the sculptures at a crossroads in time. Concealed beneath the settled dust are forms that tell of a turbulent past. At the same time, the fragile formations of dust emphasize the fleeting quality of the moment and already hold the beginnings of a subsequent metamorphosis.
In the 'blood sculptures' the unpredictable and uncontrollable aspect has assumed the character of a physical act. The surface texture of the sculpture involves a tangle of clotted blood, strands of hair, strips of paper, plastic and wire mesh: traces of an exotic ritual. Buggenhout has given the title Gorgo (Gorgon) to this group of works, thereby referring to the classical myth about Medusa, the Gorgon who turned all who looked at her into stone. Only Perseus managed to come near her. By directing his eyes at the reflection of her terrifying face in his gleaming shield, he could avoid her direct gaze and succeed in conquering her. In the shield of Perseus lies a mythical origin of art.
Peter Buggenhout began his artistic life as a painter. His concern for the texture of his sculptures show that he has remained one in a certain sense. His decision, ten years ago, to stop painting and focus on sculpture was based on his desire to liberate himself from any form of representation. His sculpture aims to represent nothing other than itself. The works depict nothing. They are something: fragments of matter, formed throughout open-ended processes. Buggenhout confronts the viewer with a raw reality, one that evokes both repulsion and fascination.

Works by Peter Buggenhout are also exhibited at TRA; Edge of Becoming, Palazzo Fortuny, Venice and at Axel Vervoordt KANAAL.

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